BIO - Biology

BIO 101 General Biology I

Prerequisite: College Preparatory Mathematics. Co-requisite: CHE 111.

Foundation Course. 3 lecture hours and 3 laboratory hours per week. For Biology Majors and students in the Clinical Laboratory Science and Allied Health tracks. For New York City sections only, students must register for one of the BIO 101A discussion sections.

Course Description: This is the first half of a one-year course designed to give the science major an understanding of general biological principles. Topics include: cell structure and function, mitosis, meiosis, molecular processes in cells (enzyme functions, photosynthesis, cellular respiration, DNA structure protein synthesis) and basic concepts of development, and genetics. Students are required to attend all departmental seminars.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

4 credits

Prerequisites

(MAT 103 Minimum Grade of C- or MAT 130 Minimum Grade of C- or MAT 131 Minimum Grade of C-) or Math Placement 40 or Math Placement 50

BIO 101A Biology Discussion Group

Prerequisite: Students must register for one BIO 101 lecture and for one BIO 101 lab section. 1 hour per week.

Course Description: Small group, peer-facilitated workshops reinforce concepts presented in BIO 101 lecture and focus on learning strategies and problem solving skills.

Course Rotation: TBA.

0 credits

BIO 102 General Biology II

Course Description: (3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week. Foundation Course). This continuation of BIO 101 surveys the five kingdoms, highlighting major phyla of biota. Mechanisms for maintaining individual and species homeostasis in plants and animals, including physiological, behavioral, and reproductive strategies will be examined. Students will also be introduced to basic concepts of evolutionary biology, ecology, and population biology. Students must also attend department seminars.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 101 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 110 The Biological World

Not open to Biology majors.
Course Description: This course presents and illustrates the main principles of organization, function, perpetuation, and evolution of living forms.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

0 - 3 credits

BIO 113 Heredity, Genes and Society

Not open to Biology majors. 3 lecture hours per week. New Core: Fulfills 3 credits in Area of Knowledge V.

Course Description: A discussion of the fundamental principles of human genetics. Mendelian inheritance, mutations, effects of radiations, linkage, crossing-over, the Hardy-Weinberg Law, and heredity-environmental interaction. Discussion of the problems facing society brought about by advances in genetics.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

BIO 114 Evolution

Course Description: Survey of the evidence for the process and mechanism of evolution. Not open to biology majors.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

BIO 115 Human Sexuality

Fulfills 3 credits toward Women's and Gender Studies Minor. Not open to Biology Majors.

Course Description: This course provides a balance of biological and behavioral aspects of human sexuality using a multidisciplinary approach. Anatomical and physiological correlates, STDs and the human immune system, and pregnancy/conception/developmental issues will be highlighted.

Course Rotation: PLV: Fall and Spring.

3 credits

BIO 115P Human Sexuality

Learning Community Course Description: This Learning Community provides a balance of biological and behavioral aspects of human sexuality using a multidisciplinary approach. Anatomical and physiological correlates, STDs and the human immune defense system, and pregnancy/conception/developmental issues will be highlighted. Goals of the Learning Community include familiarizing students with major findings and theoretical perspectives, and to understand how these ideas can be applied in order to understand a variety of social situations.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PSY 311P Min Grade D

BIO 117 Human Biology and Disease

Not open to Biology majors. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: A survey of the causes, symptoms, and history of infection, nutritional and genetic diseases in humans, and their importance in society. Includes basic information concerning the anatomy and physiology of the human body.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

BIO 119 Biology of Human Development

Prerequisite: Not open to Biology majors.

Course Description: The course deals with the biological development and changes that take place from the time of conception to the birth of the new individual. It also includes consideration of the social implications of techniques such as karyotyping, amniocentesis, in vitro fertilization and the preservation of human embryos by freezing.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

BIO 121H The Biology of Everyday Life: Living in Your Environment

Course Description: An introduction to various biological concepts through applications to common activities and current issues. In this course, topics include air quality, water resource, land use and environmental sustainability.

Course Rotation: TBA.

0 - 3 credits

BIO 123 Biology and Contemporary Society

Not open to Biology majors. 2 lecture hours and 2 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course emphasizes the interdependence of biological systems to each other and to the environment in general. Discussions include topics such as evolution, plant and animal classification and structure, and concepts of bioethics. Students will be expected to discuss specific issues that impact biological systems, including humans.

Course Rotation: NY and PL: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

4 credits

BIO 125 Biological Aspects of Nutrition

Not open to Biology majors. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: A study of the role nutrition plays in biological systems, microorganisms, plants, and animals. The structure and function of related organs and cellular organelles will be emphasized as well as the relationship between nutrient utilization and the physiological activities of the entire organism.

Course Rotation: Fall and Spring.

3 credits

BIO 127 Microbes in our lives-Friend or Foe?

Course Description: This survey course introduces topical aspects of microbiology and examines the ubiquitous microbial world and its challenging impact on human life throughout history. The principles of microbial diversity, disease and prevention, antibiotic resistance, vaccination, biological warfare and global public health issues are explored. Current issues where microbes play a central role provide this basis for discussion.

Course Rotation: PLV:Spring

3 credits

BIO 152 Anatomy and Physiology I

Pre or Co-requisite: CHE 101 or CHE 103.

Only open to Nursing students. 3 lecture hours and 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This is the first half of a two-semester course in the structure and function of the human body. Emphasis is given to the cell as the basic structural and functional unit of the body and the organization of cells into tissues and organ systems. Organ systems include the skeletal, muscular, nervous, digestive, respiratory, blood vascular, lymphatic, urogenital, and endocrine.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

4 credits

Prerequisites

CHE 101 Minimum Grade of C or CHE 103 Minimum Grade of C

BIO 152A Anatomy and Physiology I - Discussion Group

Course Rotation: TBA.

0 credits

BIO 153 Anatomy and Physiology II

Open only to Nursing students. 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This is the second half of a two-semester course in the structure and function of the human body. Organ systems include digestive, respiratory, blood, vascular, lymphatic, urogenital, endocrine, and reproductive.

Course rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 152 Minimum Grade of C

BIO 153A Anatomy and Physiology II - Discussion Group

Prerequisite: None.

0 credits

BIO 165 Introduction to the Microbiology of Foods

Not open to Biology majors. 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An introductory course in microbiology with emphasis on the role of microorganisms in nature and in foods. Topics covered include food spoilage, food preservation, and food poisoning. The laboratory is designed to reinforce topics covered in the lecture. Not for biology major credit.

Course rotation: NYC: TBA

0 - 3 credits

BIO 170 Spaceship Earth: Issues of Sustainability

Not open to Biology majors. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: This course examines the environmental issues shaping national and international agendas. The study of environmental problems will analyze issues of sustainability by examining the interdependence of biological, sociological, cultural, economic, and political aspects of conservation biology. Students evaluate environmental problems and use collaborative learning to explore creative solutions.

Course Rotation: PLV: TBA.

3 credits

BIO 199B Environmental Biology

Not open to Biology majors.

Course Description: This course presents an overview of environmental issues from a biological perspective. The effects of air, water and ground pollution on the biosphere will be discussed as will current issues related to diversity, such as global climate change.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

BIO 199C Topic: Comparative Biology of Cells

Course Description: This course will provide a discussion of the comparative biology of cell types from invertebrates to vertebrates.

3 credits

BIO 199D Topic: Science, Nature and Technology: The Influence of the Renaissance on the Modern Era

Course Description: This course covers the History of Science from the Reniassance to the Modern Era and counts as a lab science requirement of the core.

3 credits

BIO 199L Topics in Biology: Toxicology - The Science of Poisons

Course Description: This course presents an overview of the study of how chemicals affect the human body. It reviews the history of the field from ancient times when poisons were used to change the leadership of empires, to modern times when they have been used in clandestine operations. Some basic concepts related to poisons are studied, such as the premise that the "ose makes the poison" and that all chemicals are toxic depending upon the extent of exposure. Students are introduced to major classes of toxic materials. Other topics include poisons in natural food and in the natural world, how chemical exposure is reulated by governmental laws, and indoor chemicals that can affect health.

3 credits

BIO 205 Concepts of Environmental Science

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides an introduction to the basic concepts of environmental biology, chemistry and physics as they relate to an understanding of the sources of pollutants, both natural and those generated by human activities, their transport, fate, and levels in environmental media, namely air, water, soil, and food. Principles involved in processes such as chemical cycling within the living world, global weather patterns, and atmospheric energy balances will be addressed as they relate to these concepts. Hazard recognition and control are also discussed in terms of toxicology, epidemiology, exposure assessment, and risk assessment.

Course Rotation: Fall.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 210 Ecology

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 2 lecture hours, 4 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description An introduction to the study of the distribution and abundance of organisms in the natural world. Fundamental ecological concepts at the level of individuals, populations, communities, ecosystems, and the global environment will be discussed. Interactions among organisms will be examined. Application of ecological concepts to current environmental and conservation related issues will be presented. Laboratory periods will be devoted to field work.

Course Rotation: Fall

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 212 Human Disease and Disorders

Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 102.

New Core: Fulfills 4 credits in Area of Knowledge V.

Course Description: This course is designed to provide a basic understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying and the clinical manifestations of major human diseases and disorders. It provides a linkage between sciences and the clinical presentation of disease states.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 215 Urban Ecology

Pre-requisite: BIO 102 or ENV 221. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: This course explores environmental issues that specifically relate to the urban scene. The focus is on understanding basic ecological dynamics of urban and suburban areas. Topics discussed include urban flora and fauna, climate, and pollutant effects on quality of life. Specific environmental-related urban public health problems are evaluated. A combination of lecture, demonstration and field trips are used to facilitate under- standing of basic concepts.

Course rotation: NYC: Fall

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- or ENV 221 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 218 Genetically Modified Organisms

Prerequisite: Listed prerequisite, and student must me a Biology or Chemistry or Environmental Studies major with approval.

Course Description: Genetically Modified Organisms (GMLO) have been a source of debate especially over the last decade as more and more of the worlds cropland is planted with genetically modified plants. Explore GMLOs from food plants to animal "pharming" where this same DNA technology is applied to animals such that they produce large amounts of human proteins, vaccines, and other substances for medical use. We will investigate various literatures for the social, economic, political, and environmental impact issues surrounding this technology.

Course Rotation: Online: Fall.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 220 Human Biology and Contemporary Society

Not open to Biology majors. 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours per week. Foundation Course. Fulfills 3 credits toward Women's and Gender Studies Major/Minor.

Course Description: This course is an issue and project based science course. Small and large group discussions of issues that impact human biology and/or human learning from the practical, theoretical, and political standpoints will be the focus. It emphasizes the interdependence of human, plant and animal biology and the environment. This course will function as a seminar and hands-on laboratory workshop, with assigned readings from journals, periodicals and the Internet. Students will be expected to choose an issue to further research and present their findings as a poster board and/or class presentation.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer.

0 - 3 credits

BIO 220U Human Biology and Contemporary Society - Learning Community

Course Description: This course is an issue and project based science course. Small and large-group discussions of issues that impact human biology and/or learning from the practical, theoretical and political standpoints will be the focus. It emphasizes the interdependence of human, plant and animal biology and the environment. This course will function as a seminar and hands-on laboratory workshop - with assighed readings from journals, periodicals and the internet. Students will be expected to choose an issue to further research and present their findings as a poster board and/or class presentation.

0 - 4 credits

Corequisites

ENG 110U

BIO 221 Botany

Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 102.

Course Description: A discussion of the interrelationships, evolutionary development, and taxonomy of representative plants from the major divisions of the plant kingdom. Emphasis is on morphology as it relates to function, economic importance and classification.

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 231 Genetics

Prerequisite: BIO 101 with a grade of C or better.

Pre or Co-requisite: BIO 102 with a grade of C or better.
3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course is designed to provide the student with a working knowledge of classical genetics and an understanding of the current concept of the gene. Human genetics, gene action, and population genetics are also considered.

Course Rotation: Fall.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 101 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 232 Developmental Biology

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An analysis of morphogenetic processes with emphasis on the structural and biochemical aspects of vertebrate embryogenesis.

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 233 Fundamentals of Histology and Histopathology

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: A study of the cellular structure of vertebrate tissues, with emphasis on the relationship between structure and function and changes related to various disease states. Laboratory exercises acquaint the student with both classical staining methods and modern immunohistochemical techniques.

Course rotation: TBA

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 236 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the diversity of vertebrate forms. Structural and physiological adaptations will be related to evolutionary history. Laboratories mainly devoted to dissection of animals representative of major classes of vertebrates.

Course rotation: TBA

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 237 Biological Oceanography and Marine Biology

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: This course is an intensive overview of oceanography from the biological perspective emphasizing the interaction between the biotic and abiotic components of the marine environment. Specific topics include marine species of plants and animals, marine microbiology, food webs, energy flow and marine habitats.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 243 General Endocrinology

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of D or BIO 153N Minimum Grade of D or BIO 153P Minimum Grade of D

BIO 244 Morphology and Physiology of Plants

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the basic structure and function of plants. The cellular make-up, function, morphology, and adaptations of roots, stems leaves, flowers, fruits, and seeds and discussed. Basic ecological factors, such as disperal syndromes and pollination, will be introduced. Physiological and biochemical processes including photosynthesis, respiration, water, transport, and the role of hormones in growth and development are discussed.

Course rotation: NYC: Fall

0 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D

BIO 251 Principles of Human Anatomy

Prerequisite: BIO 102, CHE 112 or 104. Open only to Biology majors, students in the Physician Assistant or Allied Health tracks, or with permission of the Chair.

Course Description: 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week. This course provides a systemic approach to the study of the human body. Discussion of anatomical terminology, cellular processes and tissue classification is followed by study of the gross and microscopic anatomy of each of the organ systems. Laboratory exercises will reinforce lecture concepts through the use of anatomical and skeletal models, histological slides and cat dissection.

Course Rotation: Fall

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and CHE 103 Minimum Grade of D or CHE 112 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 254 Basic Microbiology

Course Description: Basic course in microbiology dealing with causative agents of human diseases. Other topics include chemotherapy, host-parasite relationships, and the basis of the immune process. Laboratory includes culturing, primary identification, antibiotic, and biochemical tests. This course is intended for Nursing majors, and not open to Biology majors.

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 153 Minimum Grade of C

BIO 264 Microbiology

3 lecture and 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the study of microorganisms. Topics include microbial genetics, chemotherapy, and host-parasite relationships. Laboratory techniques include isolation and culturing, antibiotic and biochemical tests, as well as microbiological assays.

Course Rotation: Spring, and Summer.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- or ( BIO 153 Minimum Grade of C and CHE 101 Minimum Grade of C or CHE 102 Minimum Grade of C)

BIO 281 Botany

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. Not open to students who have taken BIO 244. 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An overview of the interrelationships, evolutionary development and taxonomy of representative species from the major divisions of the plant kingdom. Photosynthesis and respiratory will be discussed along with other physiological processes and morphology will be presented as it relates to function and taxonomic classification. Economic importance of plants and current topics such as biotechnology will be presented from an ecological and environmental impact perspective.

Course rotation: NYC: TBA

0 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D

BIO 292 Biology Laboratory Research Training

Prerequisite: Permission of the chairperson of Biology and Health Sciences department required. Open to all Biology, Chemistry, Physical Sciences, pre-OT, pre-PT, pre-Optometry, pre-Podiatry, Clinical Lab Sciences, and Forensic Science majors only.

Course Description: As may be agreed upon by the student and the faculty supervisor, students may be trained in such things as the development and implementation of a hypothesis; the creation of experimental design; the performance of experiments; the role of primary scientific literature; the critical analysis of scientific data; and the reporting of scientific data. The specific experiences of a student will vary depending upon the student’s interests and the faculty supervisor’s research expertise.

Course Rotation: NY and PL: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

0 credits

BIO 306 Advanced Microbiology

Course Description: A survey of the topic of microbial pathogenesis. Concepts examined include mechanisms of microbial invasion, disease mechanisms, host response to infection, virulence, drug resistance, and immunity. Viral as well as bacterial pathogens are discussed.

Course Rotation: Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 264 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 322 Animal Behavior

2 lecture hours, 4 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the mechanisms and adaptive significance of animal behavior. Fundamental principles derived from evolution, ecology, neurobiology, and development will be examined. Activities such as navigation and orientation, migration, feeding, echolocution, communication, predator-prey interactions, mating systems and parental care will be discussed using examples throughout the animal kingdom.

Course rotation: TBA

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 325 Neurobiology

Course Description: A comprehensive study of how the nervous system functions. The course will first provide as in depth foundation on the function of neurons including the cell biology of neurons, nerve cell communication and the action potential, synapse structure and function, nerve cell specializations including axons and dendrites, how small circuits of neurons are formed and how they function. Having established this basic understanding of nervous system function we will then study a selection of other topics in detail, focusing on how our knowledge is being built though experimental neuroscience. These topics will include synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, the function of larger scale neuronal systems (in particular, the visual system), and the molecular mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Course Rotation: NY:PLV;Spring

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 326 Principles of Biochemistry

Prerequisite: Open only to Biology majors with permission of Chair.

Course Description: Study of structure and biological function of proteins, enzymes, and coenzymes. Enzyme kinetics; metabolism - glycolysis, TCA cycle, lipid degradation, amino acid degradation, electron transport; nucleic acids - RNA and DNA Replication, transcription, genetic code, protein synthesis.

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D and CHE 224 Min Grade D

BIO 327 Cellular Biochemistry

Course Description: This course expands the basic knowledge base obtained in BIO 335. Topics include protein structure and function, enzyme kinetics, signal transduction, metabolism and gene expression. The concepts discussed will be applied to pathological situations using medical case studies and the scientific literature related to relevant disease states so a to obtain an understanding of the contribution of biochemical processes to both health and disease.

Course rotation: Fall.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 335 Minimum Grade of C- and CHE 224 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 334 General Physiology

3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An examination of the fundamental phenomena underlying the function and regulation of organ systems in animals, such as contraction, excitation, conduction, secretion, and membrane function. Laboratory exercises illustrate these processes.

Course Rotation: Spring

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 251 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 335 Molecular and Cellular Biology

3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides an in-depth investigation of molecular mechanisms within the cell, including transcription, translation, energy conversion, cell signaling, molecular transport, cytoskeletal and extracellular structure, cell division, and cancer development. Laboratory exercises will involve techniques widely used in cell and molecular biology.

Course Rotation: Spring.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 101 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 231 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 335A Molecular and Cellular Biology

This practicum will provide students with additional time in the inquiry-based BIO 335 laboratory to design and implement their own experiments.

1 credits

BIO 343 General Endocrinology

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: A study of endocine hormones, including both classical hormones and recently discovered hormones and growth factors. The origin of these regulatory substances and their regulation of processes such as growth, regeneration, reproduction, blood chemistry, and metabolic rate will be discussed at the whole organism, cellular, and molecular levels.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 345 Introduction to Toxicology

3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the study of the injurious effects of substances on living organisms. Consideration is given to mechanisms of entry to the body, the biochemistry of toxic substances within the body, including acute and chronic effects and long-term mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. The hazards and methods of handling toxic substances, and treatment for their effects are also considered.

Course Rotation: Fall.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and ( CHE 132 Minimum Grade of D or CHE 224 Minimum Grade of D)

BIO 346 Introduction to Basic Pharmacology

Pre-requisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 102. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the basic principles of pharmacology. This course provides a basic foundation in pharmacology as it relates to both health and illness. Mechanisms of drug-receptor chemical interaction and dose-response curves are examined.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

CHE 224 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 347 Pharmacology I

Prerequisite: Open only to Physician Assistant students.

Course Description: In this two-semester course, the student will be introduced to the basic principles of pharmacology. Concepts covered include mechanism of action, absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, drug interactions, and problems with special populations, dosage, and toxicology. The first semester will emphasize basic concepts; the second semester will examine applications in the treatment of specific diseases.

Course Rotation: NYC: Fall.

3 credits

BIO 348 Pharmacology II (Clinical)

Open to Physician Assistant students only.

Course Description: A continuation of BIO 347 that stressed the application of pharmacological agents in the treatment of specific diseases.

Course Rotation: NYC: Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 347 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 357 Parasitology

Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 102 and CHE 224. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An examination of the biology of important protozoan and helminth parasites of vertebrates. Emphasis is placed on morphological, biochemical, and physiological aspects of parasitism. Mechanisms of action are clinically active antiparasitic agents are discussed.

Course Rotation: TBA

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and CHE 224 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 359 Immunology

Prerequisite: BIO 102

Course Description A study of the immune response, both humoral and cell mediated, including antigen-antibody structure and reactions, immunoglobulins and host-parasite interactions. Laboratory techniques will include current methods of immunology.

Course Rotation: Spring.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 264 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 372 Introduction to Molecular Biotechnology

Prerequisite: BIO 231 and pre- or co-requisite: BIO 335. 2 lecture hours, 4 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides a background in the basic theory and methods underlying molecular biotechnology. Students will also become familiar with biotechnological enterprises, the modern molecular technologies used in these enterprises and their role in research and development. Discussions and laboratories will focus on theory and examples of actual practice using both virtual and real laboratory exercises.

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 231 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 335 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 375 Advanced Cell Biology

3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An in-depth investigation of advanced cellular and molecular biology concepts, including receptorligand interactions, cell division, senescnce, apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastatis and signal transduction. Current biomedical literature will be used in class discussions.

Course Rotation:Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 335 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 395 Independent Study in Biology

Prerequisite: BIO 490. Junior standing and a minimum CQPA of 3.00 and permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: Students may select a topic for guided research that is not included in the regular course offerings. The student meets regularly with the faculty member to review progress. A paper must be submitted.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer

1 - 4 credits

BIO 396 Guided Study in Biology

Prerequisite: Permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: Students may select a special topic for individual library based study under the guidance of an appropriate faculty member. This can be taken only if the curriculum offers no formal course covering the material or if the student wishes to study a topic in greater depth than offered in a formal course. There is no minimum QPA for this course. Students meet at least weekly with the instructor during the course and must prepare a paper on the topic being studied.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer

1 - 3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 490 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 399 Topics in Biology

Pre-requisite: Varies with topic. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides an in-depth discussion of specific areas that are not part of the regular course offerings of the Department. It may be taken more than once for credit. Specific topics vary each semester. Recent offerings are are follows: Vertebrate Nervous System; Bioinformatics; Advanced Immunology; Ecotourism and Sustainable Development; Wildlife Ecology, Urban Green Roof;Genetically Modified Organisms. . Course rotation: Specific topics are generally offered in Fall and Spring.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D

BIO 399B Topics in Biology: Neurobiology

Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better for BIO 102.

Course Description: A comprehensive study of how the nervous system functions. The course will focus on the cell biology of neurons: nerve cell communication and the action potential; synapse structure and function; nerve cell specializations including axons and dendrites; how small circuits of neurons are formed and how they function. Other topics will include synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, the function of larger scale neuronal systems, and the molecular mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 399C Topic: Cancer Cell Biology

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D and BIO 335 Min Grade C-

BIO 399H Topics in Biology: Ecotourism and Sustainable Development

Prerequisite: BIO 102 or ENV 221 and ENV 222, and permission of Department Chair.

Trip Destination: Brazil
Trip Dates:
Trip Cost:
Course Description: This course travels to Brazil with MGT 347. Students will review ecological problems due to tourism.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D or (ENV 221 Min Grade D and ENV 222 Min Grade D)

BIO 399I Fundamentals in Reproductive Biology

Prerequisite: This course is open to Biology and Health Science majors only.

Course Description: This lecture/laboratory course will introduce students to the biological aspects of a wide variety of issues related to reproduction and reproductive health and medicine. Students will be asked to analyze related literature and work with model systems to develop hypotheses/analyze data related to reproduction.

Course Rotation: NYC: Spring, even years.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 231 Minimum Grade of B or BIO 335 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 399J Topics in Biology: Wildlife Ecology and Conservation

Course Description: This course provides a review of the ecology of mammals. Topics will include ecosystems and natural communities, food and cover, predators and predation, competitors and competition, wildlife diseases, animal behavior, urban wildlife, exotic wildlife, nongame and endangered wildlife, economics of wildlife, conserving wildlife, hunting and trapping, wildlife as a public trust and other important topics that evolve. The course will review both theoretical and methodological approaches associated with obtaining data from animals.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D

BIO 399K Topics in Biology: Ecotourism and Sustainability in Tuscany

Prerequisite: BIO 102 or ENV 221 and ENV 222 and permission of department chairperson required.

Course Description This course provides an opportunity to have an interdisciplinary experience in the study of ecotourism, sustainability and business/hospitality issues in Italy. Students will visit various venues that demonstrate sustainable business and environmental practices. Students will also participate in a community green mapping project in the Mugello Territories in Tuscany.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D or (ENV 221 Min Grade D and ENV 222 Min Grade D)

BIO 399L Topics in Biology: The Urban Green Roof

Prerequisite: Permission of Department Chairperson required.

Course Description: This field type course will provide students with experience in developing plans and plantings for the urban green roof to be built on the Pace NYC campus. Students will learn the history of urban green roofs and the environmental advantages.

3 credits

BIO 399M Topic in Biology: Biological and Chemical Warfare

Prerequisite: BIO 102 and permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: An overview of chemical and biological weaponry from a historical and modern perspective.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102

BIO 399N Topic: Advanced Immunology

Course Description: This course provides an in-depth discussion of various topics in modern immunology.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 359 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 399P Topics in Biology: Genetically Modified Organisms

Course Description: Genetically Modified Organisms (GMLO) have been a source of debate especially over the last decade as more and more of the worlds cropland is planted with genetically modified plants. Explore GMLOs from food plants to animal "pharming" where this same DNA technology is applied to animals such that they produce large amounts of human proteins, vaccines, and other substances for medical use. We will investigate various literatures for the social, economic, political, and environmental impact issues surrounding this technology.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 399Q Special Topics in Biology: Mammalogy-Adaptation, Diversity and Ecology of Mammals

Course Description: This course will cover the major aspects of mammalian biology emphasizing evolution, structure, function, behavior, ecology and biogeography.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D

BIO 399S Topics in Biology: Urban Field Ecology

Course Description: This course studies the flora of the metropolitan habitat. Discussions will include desirable and undesirable species. Course involves lectures, field trips and student projects growing plants in an urban horticultural setting using various growth media and under various conditions.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D or ENV 212 Min Grade D

BIO 399T Topics in Biology: Research Methods For Ecological Field Studies

Course Description: This course will review the ways in which biological data are collected, analyzed, and reported, so that informed decisions about ecosystem management and conservation can be made. The course will have both classroom and field components and will explore the many techniques employed by biologists to study important phenomena in ecology, such as territory and home range estimates, habitat evaluation, food habits, population viability analysis, population dynamics, GIS mapping, and genetic analyses. We will review both theoretical and methodological controversies associated with obtaining data from organisms.

3 credits

BIO 399U Topic: Plants and People

Course Description Plants play an important role in many cultures from essential building material to hallucinogenic plants used during traditional ceremonies. Plants have also been used to clean contaminated soils in Chernobyl and other places. Learn how people use plants for food, medicine, cosmetics, insecticides, and more.

3 credits

BIO 399V Topic: Basics of Human Anatomy

Course Description: This special topics courses provides an overview of the anatomy of the human body using a systems based presentation. Virtual dissections will be included.

3 credits

BIO 399W Developmental Biology (Lecture)

Course Description: An in depth look at the biology of development.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 335 Min Grade C- or BIO 235 Min Grade C-

BIO 399Y Topic: Marine Biology

Course Description: This course presents basic concepts of marine biology and discusses the effects of human activity on animals and plants.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 399Z Topics: Evolutionary Biology

Course Description: This course focuses on the processes of evolution that lead to patterns of biodiversity. Topics covered will include the history of evolutionary theory, paleontology, phylogeny and classification, inheritance, genome evolution of populations, the evolution of communities, specification, and human evolution. Particular emphasis will be paid to the role of evolution in our everyday lives and the practical implications of evolutionary theory to medicine, agriculture, and conservation biology.

Course Rotation: NYC: Fall, odd years. PLV: Fall, odd years.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 480 Research in Biology

Prerequisite:BIO 490, junior standing and permission of Department Chairperson. 8-10 hours of independent research per week and 1 conference hour.

Course Description: Under faculty supervision students conduct research and submit a report at the close of the semester. A maximum of 2 semesters for credit may be elected. Contact department for more information concerning requirements. Students must contact the Department Chairperson prior to registration for this course.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 490 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 481 Research in Biology II

Prerequisite: BIO 480 and permission of Instructor and Chair. 8-10 hours or independent research each week.

Course Description: This course involves laboratory based research under the direction of a faculty member and will involve 60-75 hours of research during the semester. The topic of research depends upon the faculty member. Students must contact the Department Chairperson prior to registration for this course.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 480 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 490 Introduction to Research in the Biological Sciences

Required of all Biology majors in junior year. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the basic research and data analysis techniques used in the modern biological sciences. Discussion topics include hypothesis generation, methods of data presentation and utilization of proper statistical techniques based upon experimental design. Students will make presentations for group discussion on current advances and research in biology.

Course Rotation: Fall.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 101 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 231 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 335 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 491 Internship in Biology

Prerequisite: Acceptance in a position, junior standing and permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: A direct experience in the working environment designed to enhance and extend the knowledge gained in the classroom. The student reports to a regular assignment and receives guidance and direction from professionals. The student will work on projects requiring reports and will meet regularly with a department advisor who will provide overall supervision. Contact the department for more information concerning requirements.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer.

3 credits

BIO 492 Internship in Biology II

Prerequisite: Completion of junior year. Permission of the department chairperson and acceptance in a position. A continuation of BIO 491.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

BIO 495C Hospital Career Training: Medical Technology

Course Description: Required for B.S. in Medical Technology candidates after completion of prescribed didactic course sequence. Taken at affiliated hospital centers.

Course rotation: TBA

12 credits

BIO 699A Independent Research in Biology: Carnivore Ecology

Course Description: Refinement of research statement/proposal: How to use non-invasive techniques to study wildlife in Westchester County, New York

Course Rotation: TBA.

1 credits

BIO 699B Independent Research in Biology: Carnivore Field Methods

Course Description: Collection of Wildlife field data in Westchester County, New York. Analysis of field data. Preparation of publication of research performed.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits