PAA - Public Administration

PAA 101 Public Administration and Its Environment

Course Description: This course provides an introduction to concepts of public service in different organizations: government, non-profit and private. Through readings and discussions you will gain an overview of the history of public administration in the context of American democracy. Special focus will be placed on an analysis and critique of the rise of out-sourcing in the public sector and the responsibilities of private contractors in carrying out the functions of government agencies.

Course Rotation: NY:PLV;Fall:Spring

4 credits

PAA 102 Organizational Planning and Budget Process

Course Descriptions:This course examines organizations from three perspectives, as closed, natural and open systems. It will help students to understand better the relationships among organizational structure, organization functions, and individual and budget process. Behavioral forces and their implications will be addressed as students are exposed to concepts of power, control and change within appropriate contexts. Since organizational structures are mainly a function of their budget process, this course will be devoted to topics in public budgeting, finance and financial management. These activities play a central role in public management of various organizational settings. The intent of this course is to understand the role these activities play in local, state, and federal governments and to see how policy and management are shaped and influenced by budgets, financial reports and tax policy.
Course Rotation:NY:PLV;Fall:Spring

4 credits

PAA 210 Public Administration and its Environment

Course Description: Introduction to administration, public policy and policy makings is the study of government workers, the organizations in which they work, how they are financed, and how government engages citizens to help form and maintain community. In various ways, the class sessions will explore the three important issues of public administration: discretion, authority, and accountability.

3 credits

PAA 501 Accounting for Government, Health Care and Nonprofit Entities

Students with accounting backgrounds may apply for waiver of requirement.

Course Description: This is a basic course for students with a limited background in accounting. Emphasis will be placed on the development of basic accounting, concepts, and techniques, the difference between public and private sector accounting and applications of accounting concepts to government, health care, and nonprofit institutions. The course will provide an overview of financial cost, and managerial accounting. Topics to be included are: reading financial statements, governmental fund and nonprofit accounting, operating and capital budgets, general fixed assets and long-term debt, account groups, and government accounting standards. Emphasis will be placed on the role of accounting in management decision making and organizational control.

3 credits

PAA 502 Statistics and Quantitative Method for Decision Making

Students with a background in statistics may apply for waiver of requirement.

Course Description: This course teaches the fundamentals of statistic and quantitative methods as applied to public administration. The course is designed to integrate statistical and quantitative methods and decision making. Topics to be included are: basic measurement and experimental design probability and probability distribution, samples and sampling techniques, inference and hypothesis testing, contingency tables, analysis of variance, correlation analysis, and simple and multiple regression analysis. Emphasis will be placed on the applications of these concepts to issues and problems in government, health care, and nonprofit organizations.

3 credits

Prerequisites

CS 501 Minimum Grade of C

PAA 600 Independent Study in Public Administration

Course Description: This course is designed to allow students to pursue research in an area of study not normally offered in the regular course offering. The student needs the approval of an appropriate faculty member, the department chair, and the academic dean. The student selects a topic for guided research and meets regularly with the faculty member to review his/her progress. In addition to a list of readings to be completed, a research project or paper must be submitted as a requirement for this course.

1 - 9 credits

PAA 601 Public Administration and its Environment

Course Description: This course provides an introduction to the field of public administration, including its history as an academic discipline and a field of service. It focuses on the organization and structure of American national, state and local governments and examines their powers, responsibilities and functions in the federal system. The course emphasizes the impact of a changing political environment on the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government as they influence the development of public policy. Specific case examples illustrating the principles of public administration will be taken from government, health care, and nonprofit organizations.

3 credits

PAA 602 Organization Theory and Management

Course Description: This course examines organizations from three perspectives, as closed, natural and open systems. It will help students to understand better the relationship among organizational structure, organization functions, and individual and group behavior. Behavioral forces and their implications will be addressed as students are exposed to concepts of power, control and change within appropriate contexts. Leadership will be discussed from a situational perspective with emphasis on the complexity of the modern organization in the government, health care, and nonprofit sectors. Knowledge of organization theory will be used to enhance students' understanding of management functions.

3 credits

PAA 603 Economics of Government, Health Care and Nonprofit Entities

Course Description: This course introduces the principles of economics as applied to the government, health care and nonprofit sectors in the United States. The course will provide an analysis of the role of public and nonprofit institutions in the private market economic system. Special attention will be paid to the interaction of economics and the political process. Specific topics to be covered are: public vs. private goods, market failure and externalities, supply and demand analysis, public choice theory, indifference curve analysis, macroeconomic stabilization, the public debt and economic development and growth. Economic analysis will be applied to contemporary policy issues such as public welfare, health care, the environment, transportation, education, and taxation.

3 credits

PAA 604 Budgeting and Financial Analysis

Course Description: This course provides an in-depth analysis of budgeting and finance as applied to government, health care, and the nonprofit sectors. Its main focus is on principles of public finance and budgetary analysis as seen in financial decision making. Topics introduced in the course include the budget cycle, budget methods, budget reform, taxation and tax structures, intergovernmental fiscal relations, and cost and break-even analyses. The course also involves computer applications of these concepts to problems in government, health care, and nonprofit sector decision-making.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 603 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 605 Ethics and Leadership

Course Description: This course is designed to make students aware of their responsibility as professionals in leadership and administrative positions in our complex society. Individual values and normative choices associated with the implementation of public policy will be discussed. Social, legal, and economic realities will be examined in light of philosophical arguments. Case studies and current examples relevant to government, health care, and nonprofit organizations will be used as practical applications of ethical precepts and conduct.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 602 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 606 Research Methods for Public Administrators

Prerequisite: All Core and required courses in specialization.

Course Description: This is a core course in the MPA program. It covers the fundamentals of research methods for public administrators. The course is designed to assist public administrators in the consumption and production of research in their field. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches to research will be covered and public administration students will be given direct experience in both of these research areas.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 610 Personnel Administration / Human Resources

Prerequisite: All core courses and first track requirement.

Course Description: This course examines the evolution of personnel practices from the early days of American government through the merit system as they apply to government, health care, and nonprofit organizations. Some of the specific topics covered are position classification, constitutional issues, and labor relations. Emphasis is placed on the human resources management function and its integration into the organization. The student is introduced to behavioral science concepts as they apply to human resources management. Required for all students in the human resources management and management of health care organizations specializations.

3 credits

PAA 611 Management and Organizational Development

Prerequisite: All core requirements and first track requirement.

Course Description: This course examines the effects which organizational structure, change and policies have upon employees. Students are exposed to the literature on organizational design and change. Diagnosis, analysis and interpretation of these variables are discussed from the perspective of their capacity to develop both the individual employee and the organization.

3 credits

PAA 612 Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations

Prerequisite: All core and first track requirements.

Course Description: This course is an introduction to labor relations in a unionized environment. The course describes the history of unionization, the recognition of unions, preparation for and the process of collective bargaining, impasse procedures, contract administration, grievance processing, and employee and management rights and obligations. Special emphasis is placed throughout the course on the administrator's role in labor/management relations at the department and division levels and the manager's role vis-à-vis the negotiator/labor relations professional. Case studies are drawn upon during the course.

3 credits

PAA 614 Strategic Planning and Marketing

Course Description: This course examines basic concepts in strategic planning and marketing with special emphasis on the organization and management of the strategic planning process, marketing decision models, and techniques for the promotion of services to the public. Discussion of the ethical issues surrounding marketing is included. Required of all students with a specialization in planning and evaluation or nonprofit financial management.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 602 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 603 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 604 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 606 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 615 Program Planning and Evaluation

Prerequisite: All core requirements and first track requirement.

Course Description: Program planning techniques common to all organizations will be studied. Special emphasis will be placed on the application of the planning process to governmental, health, and nonprofit organizations. The course will have equal emphasis on the evaluation of existing programs. Needs assessment, monitoring, and methods of measuring program impact will be studied. The course will examine the environment in which planning and evaluation take place, as well as the tools, designs, and techniques required. Required of all students in the planning and evaluation specialization.

1 - 3 credits

PAA 616 Project Development and Grantwriting

Course Description: This course explores the historical and conceptual background of private foundation grants in the United States. The student will learn to identify appropriate sources of funding and to write grant proposals. Intersections of the grantwriting process with the project development, program and strategic planning, and external partnerships and colloborative enterprises will be stressed. Emphasis will be placed on grants measurement in the government, health care and nonprofit sectors.

1 - 3 credits

PAA 617 Management Issues in Gerontologic Services

Course Description: This course is designed to acquaint students with the process and consequences of aging from both the individual and societal perspectives. Physical, social, and psychological aspects of aging are presented. The demographics of aging are presented. Attendant policy issues, including economic considerations, are explored.

3 credits

PAA 619 Advanced Financial Management

Course Description: This course is for the graduate student interested in advanced study of financial management. Topics are chosen from contemporary issues in the government, health care and nonprofit sectors. Generic topics to be covered include bond and credit analysis, revenue and expenditure forecasting, fiscal impact analysis, measuring and evaluating financial condition, investment analysis and lease financing, debt policy and management, risk analysis and management, tax status and planning and managing endowments, gifts and grants. Computer applications of these concepts and a paper focusing on a financial analysis of a case example will be required. Specialists in the field may participate as guest lecturers.

3 credits

PAA 620 Advanced Economic Analysis

Course Description: This course is for the graduate student interested in advanced study in economic analysis. Topics are chosen from contemporary issues in the government, health care and nonprofit sectors. Generic topics to be covered include demand analysis, production and cost analysis, structure of industry and efficiency, advanced econometric techniques and forecasting, benefit-cost analysis, pricing of government goods, manpower and productivity problems, taxation analysis and fiscal federalism. Computer applications of these concepts and a paper focusing on an economic analysis of a case example will be required.

3 credits

PAA 624 Environmental Science Policy

Course Description: The history of environmental policy development is covered. The methods for environmental policy development and implementation on the local level are explored. Scientific, policy, and regulatory contexts for risk assessment are explored. The student learns how to identify and assess risks, to integrate technical information into decision-making, to communicate risk, and to develop solutions. Mock debates are held, in which students represent different sides of an argument in the area of environmental risk assessment and management.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B or ( ENS 610 Minimum Grade of B and ENS 611 Minimum Grade of B)

PAA 630 Intergovernmental Relations

Course Description: This course studies the relationships among the several levels and forms of government (federal, state, local, regional, interstate and intrastate districts, branches, agencies and quasi-public structures). The course describes the possession or sharing of responsibility for initiation and execution of public policy, fiscal provision, program design and implementation in terms of the administrative problems that are seen in a federal structure. Case studies are discussed, illustrating examples of attempts at intergovernmental coordination and planning. Required of all students in the government track.

1 - 3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 631 Law in the Administrative Process

Course Description: This course surveys the development of "quasi-legislative" and "quasi-legal" powers and responsibilities of administrators. Cases that involve the court and legislative actions are studied in terms of the creation of administrative rule-making powers and the exercise of discretion and judgment by administrators in the implementation of laws. The Constitutional basis of these practices and the explicit statutes governing their practices are studied. Required of all students in the government track.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 632 Policy Studies

Course Description: This course will examine the theories and concepts used in the study of public policy. It describes the development and use of models for policy formulation, analysis and evaluation. Policies of special, professional interest to the student are examined in detail with emphasis on the development of analytic skills. Faculty guidance is provided in the assignment of special readings as the student develops policy research papers. Required of all students in the government track.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 630 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 631 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 699 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 640 Local Government Law

Prerequisite: All core requirements and PAA 630 and PAA 631.

Course Description: This course explains the structure and operation of local governments within a federal system. The forms of local government, the sources and limits of their powers under state and federal law, and the impact of federal and state policies on local activities are closely examined. Key legal issues pertaining to personnel, public contracts and finances and tort liability of public officials and municipal corporations are analyzed. Emphasis is placed on the judiciary's role in defining the scope and limits of local governance and the attorney's role, as both counsellor and advocate, in the development of governmental policy and practice. Required of all students with a specialization in local government.

3 credits

Prerequisites

(PAA 630 Minimum Grade of B or PAA 611 Minimum Grade of B) and PAA 631 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 641 Municipal Management

Prerequisite: PAA 630 and PAA 631 and all Core requirements.

Course Description: This course focuses on the council-manager form of local government. It explores the history of the plan, its evolution and growth, and procedures for adoption. In particular, the course examines the respective roles and responsibilities of the manager and those of elected officials and how the two interact with respect to municipal functions and the delivery of services. Also discussed are critical issues relating to the organization and management of municipal line agencies and support systems. Required of all government track students with a specialization in local government.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 630 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 631 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 642 Regional Planning

Course Description: This course examines the political and institutional environment in which regional planning takes place. The relationship of planning to political and market processes and the structure of urban, suburban and regional political systems are explored. Alternative strategies for planning on a regional basis are presented using theoretical approaches and case analyses. Techniques of making regional forecasts of employment, population, income and housing demand are presented. Required of all government track students with a specialization in planning and evaluation.

3 credits

PAA 644 Seminar in Government Management

Prerequisite: PAA 630, PAA 631 and all core requirements.

Course Description: This seminar focuses on events that impact on the capacity of the public administrator to implement public policy. Examples include changes in civil service law, mandated services, changes in intergovernmental financing, etc.

3 credits

Prerequisites

(PAA 630 Minimum Grade of B or PAA 611 Minimum Grade of B) and PAA 631 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 650 The United States Health Care System

Course Description: This course explores the past, present and future of the health care delivery system in the United States. It is designed to familiarize students with the development of the various subsystems of care and the ways in which various public, private, and social forces influence the politics of health care and mold the structure and functions of the entire system of care. Issues discussed will include managed care and its potential as a health care delivery system, the continuum of long term and mental health care, and United States Health System reform initiatives stimulated by the private sector and at various levels of government.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 651 Community Health Assessment

Course Description: Concepts relevant to understsanding patterns of health and illness in the community are explored. Factors which influence the use of health services are discussed. Materials are drawn from various disciplines including epidemiology, vital statistics, demography, sociology, psychology and anthropology. Required of all students in the health administration track.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B

Corequisites

PAA 650

PAA 652 Health Policy Studies

Prerequisite: PAA 650 and PAA 661 or permission of the Department Chairperson.

Course Description: This course is designed to familiarize students with current health policy issues and to provide them with an understanding of the basic concepts of health policy, the process of health policy, and the politics of health policy development and implementation. Special attention will be given to the review and analysis of health policy issues, particularly in regard to the reform process in the United States health care system. The course explores health policy within historical, political, social and economic contexts; examines both the public and private sector initiative for health care delivery; and probes more deeply lingering health policy issues such as cost, access, quality and appropriateness of care.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 650 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 661 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 660 Legal Aspects Of Health Administration

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 650 Minimum Grade of B or PAA 661 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 661 Hospital and Health Services Administration

Prerequisite: All core requirements and PAA 650.

Course Description: This course examines the basic elements of formation and the extent of the United States health care system including: the basic elements of governance and operation in the private and public sectors; the interaction of Boards of Trustees, Medical Staff and Management; issues in hospital services, out-patient services, emergency services, and home care; internal and external factors affecting operation of facilities; methods of evaluation, basic financial factors affecting revenue production and expense control; elements of long range planning as strategy for management and leadership; and role of the manager, and creating a focus for blending program operations, financing and planning.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 650 Minimum Grade of B or HC 650 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 662 Health Planning

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 650 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 663 Hc Quality Assurance/Risk Mgt

Prerequisites: All core courses, PAA 650, PAA 651, or permission of the instructor.

Course Description: Concepts needed to assess and assure the delivery of quality health care services are presented. The function and role of both government and private agencies in quality assurance are examined. Tools used to assess quality and improve the delivery of care in a variety of health services organizations are discussed. Risk management concepts are described. The relationship between quality assurance and risk management is delineated

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 650 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 651 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 665 Seminar in Health Services Management

Prerequisite: PAA 650, PAA 661 and all core requirements.

Course Description: This seminar focuses on topics of special interest to health management students. Example include hospital organization and management, ambulatory care administration, public health services administration, mental health services administration, etc.

3 credits

Prerequisites

(PAA 650 Minimum Grade of B or HC 650 Minimum Grade of B) and ( PAA 661 Minimum Grade of B or HC 661 Minimum Grade of B)

PAA 666 Health Care Economics

Prerequisite: PAA 650, PAA 651 and all core courses.

Course Description: This course examines the economic impact of various sectors of health care market, reviews shifts and trends in the financing of health care on a fee basis, capitation DRG and contractual basis, regulated and unregulated markets, federal and state controls and their effect, organization of the financial arm of health care organizations, impact of managed care review of relation between managed care organizations and traditional providers.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 650 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 670 The Not-for-Profit Sector

Course Description: This course examines the history of nonprofit organizations in the United States to develop a social perspective and a sense of the magnitude, scope and functions of the nonprofit sector. The course also looks at the relationship of the nonprofit sector to government and business. The course explores the theoretical basis on which social scientists have sought to understand the nonprofit sector in our economic, political and social environment. Issues shaping the future role of the nonprofit sector will be discussed. Required of all students in the nonprofit management track.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 671 Law and Board Governance for Not-for-Profit Managers

Course Description: This course provides the student with a basic grounding in the laws and regulations governing nonprofit organizations. Content will include: overview of statutory scheme governing the formation, operation and dissolution of nonprofit corporations; examination of the powers, duties, and liabilities of directors, offices, and members of the nonprofit entity; legal framework governing the operation of unincorporated associations; and qualifying for and maintaining federal tax exempt status under Section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code and the rights and obligations attendant thereto. Required of all students in the nonprofit management track.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 670 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 672 Management Issues in Nonprofit Organizations

Prerequisite: PAA 670, PAA 671 and all core requirements.

Course Description: Following examination of the size, scope, and roles of the "third sector" in United States society, the course considers topics of special importance in nonprofit charitable organizations. Such topics include volunteer management, strategic planning, marketing, and board functioning. Required of all students in the nonprofit management track.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 670 Min Grade B and PAA 671 Min Grade B

PAA 673 Financial Resource Development for Not-for-Profits

Course Description: This new course will provide a thorough examination the history, theory, and practice surrounding the variety of means by which not-for-profits generate funds solicitations of gifts, planned giving, capital campaigns, earned income, fees for service, sale of products, memberships, grants, contracts, investments, special events. The growing impact of social entrepreneurship on not-for-profit revenue models will also be examined. Special attention will be given to understanding philanthropy as distinctive to the not-for-profit sector, strategic choices and consequences among the various fundraising means, and impact upon organizational mission.

Course Rotation: GC: Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 604 Minimum Gradeof B

PAA 681 Advanced Seminar for Not-for-Profit Management Issues

Prerequisite: All core courses, PAA 670, PAA 671 and pre or co-requisite PAA 673 and all core courses.

Course Description: This seminar focuses on advanced management topics of special interest to students in the nonprofit management track. Examples include board development, communication and public relations, and organization development strategies.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 670 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 671 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 673 Minimum Grade of B

Corequisites

PAA 672

PAA 683 Seminar/Lab in Social Entrepreneurship

Prerequisite: PAA 601 and PAA 670 or permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: This course will provide an in-depth exploration of the emerging field of "social entrepreneurship" which has been succinctly described as using the tools present in a market-based economy to solve problems and create social value, as opposed to distributing profit to owners or shareholders. Students will examine the various forms and models of entrepreneurship, identify salient elements leading to success and failure, and study the vast implications of this new form of social innovation. Students will be required to perform a detailed case study of an entrepreneurial organization.

Course Rotation: NYC: Summer, GC: Summer.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 670 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 690 Practicum

Prerequisite: 12 credits completed in program and permission of Department Chair.

Course Description:This practicum integrates academic theory and the actual practice of public administration. The practicum can take the form of an internship, i.e., an educational work experience within an area related to a student's field of interest and supervised by a professional who has expertise in that field, or a field study project or research paper, which explores a pertinent problem or issue, carried out under the supervision of a faculty member. For the internship, learning objectives are designed by the on-site supervisor, the faculty advisor and the student to ensure coherence between work experience and academic study.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 602 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 695 Internship

Prerequisite:PAA 601 and PAA 602, and permission of the Department Chair.

Course Description: Designed as an educational work experience within an area of public sector management or policy related to a student's field or interest and supervised by a professional who has expertise in that field.

3 credits

Prerequisites

PAA 601 Minimum Grade of B and PAA 602 Minimum Grade of B

PAA 699 Capstone Project Seminar

Prerequisite: A 3.0 GPA is required for a student to register for the Capstone.

Required of all students in the MPA program. This course is taken during the last year of graduate study. Department approval required.

Course Description: The Capstone Project Seminar provides the student with the opportunity to carry out an analysis of an organization with which she/he is familiar. It may be one in which the student is currently employed, or the site of an administrative placement during the program. The specific focus of the analysis will be determined by the interests of the student and approved by the project advisor. Seminar discussions will assist the student to relate concepts to the functioning of ongoing organizations, thus tying the curriculum to the world of work. A formal presentation of the analysis will be required.

3 credits