BIO - Biology

BIO 101 General Biology I

Foundation Course. 3 lecture hours and 3 laboratory hours per week. For Biology Majors and students in the Clinical Laboratory Science and Allied Health tracks. For New York City sections only, students must register for one of the BIO 101A discussion sections.

Course Description: This is the first half of a one-year course designed to give the science major an understanding of general biological principles. Topics include: cell structure and function, mitosis, meiosis, molecular processes in cells (enzyme functions, photosynthesis, cellular respiration, DNA structure protein synthesis) and basic concepts of development, and genetics. Students are required to attend all departmental seminars.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

4 credits

Prerequisites

CHE 111 Min Grade D

BIO 101A Biology Discussion Group

Prerequisite: Students must register for one BIO 101 lecture and for one BIO 101 lab section. 1 hour per week.

Course Description: Small group, peer-facilitated workshops reinforce concepts presented in BIO 101 lecture and focus on learning strategies and problem solving skills.

Course Rotation: TBA.

0 credits

BIO 102 General Biology II

Course Description: (3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week. Foundation Course). This continuation of BIO 101 surveys the five kingdoms, highlighting major phyla of biota. Mechanisms for maintaining individual and species homeostasis in plants and animals, including physiological, behavioral, and reproductive strategies will be examined. Students will also be introduced to basic concepts of evolutionary biology, ecology, and population biology. Students must also attend department seminars.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 101 Min Grade C-

BIO 115 Human Sexuality

Fulfills 3 credits toward Women's and Gender Studies Minor. Not open to Biology Majors.

Course Description: This course provides a balance of biological and behavioral aspects of human sexuality using a multidisciplinary approach. Anatomical and physiological correlates, STDs and the human immune system, and pregnancy/conception/developmental issues will be highlighted.

Course Rotation: PLV: Fall and Spring.

3 credits

BIO 117 Human Biology and Disease

3 credits

BIO 123 Biology and Contemporary Society

Not open to Biology majors. 2 lecture hours and 2 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course emphasizes the interdependence of biological systems to each other and to the environment in general. Discussions include topics such as evolution, plant and animal classification and structure, and concepts of bioethics. Students will be expected to discuss specific issues that impact biological systems, including humans.

Course Rotation: NY and PL: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

4 credits

BIO 125 Biological Aspects of Nutrition

Not open to Biology majors. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: A study of the role nutrition plays in biological systems, microorganisms, plants, and animals. The structure and function of related organs and cellular organelles will be emphasized as well as the relationship between nutrient utilization and the physiological activities of the entire organism.

Course Rotation: Fall and Spring.

3 credits

BIO 127 Microbes in our lives-Friend or Foe?

Course Description: This survey course introduces topical aspects of microbiology and examines the ubiquitous microbial world and its challenging impact on human life throughout history. The principles of microbial diversity, disease and prevention, antibiotic resistance, vaccination, biological warfare and global public health issues are explored. Current issues where microbes play a central role provide this basis for discussion.

Course Rotation: PLV:Spring

3 credits

BIO 152 Anatomy and Physiology I

Pre or Co-requisite: CHE 101 or CHE 103.

Only open to Nursing students. 3 lecture hours and 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This is the first half of a two-semester course in the structure and function of the human body. Emphasis is given to the cell as the basic structural and functional unit of the body and the organization of cells into tissues and organ systems. Organ systems include the skeletal, muscular, nervous, digestive, respiratory, blood vascular, lymphatic, urogenital, and endocrine.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

4 credits

Prerequisites

CHE 101 Min Grade C or CHE 103 Min Grade C

BIO 153 Anatomy and Physiology II

Open only to Nursing students. 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This is the second half of a two-semester course in the structure and function of the human body. Organ systems include digestive, respiratory, blood, vascular, lymphatic, urogenital, endocrine, and reproductive.

Course rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 152 Min Grade C

BIO 170 Spaceship Earth: Issues of Sustainability

Not open to Biology majors. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: This course examines the environmental issues shaping national and international agendas. The study of environmental problems will analyze issues of sustainability by examining the interdependence of biological, sociological, cultural, economic, and political aspects of conservation biology. Students evaluate environmental problems and use collaborative learning to explore creative solutions.

Course Rotation: PLV: TBA.

3 credits

BIO 199L Topics in Biology: Toxicology - The Science of Poisons

Course Description: This course presents an overview of the study of how chemicals affect the human body. It reviews the history of the field from ancient times when poisons were used to change the leadership of empires, to modern times when they have been used in clandestine operations. Some basic concepts related to poisons are studied, such as the premise that the "ose makes the poison" and that all chemicals are toxic depending upon the extent of exposure. Students are introduced to major classes of toxic materials. Other topics include poisons in natural food and in the natural world, how chemical exposure is reulated by governmental laws, and indoor chemicals that can affect health.

3 credits

BIO 205 Concepts of Environmental Science

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides an introduction to the basic concepts of environmental biology, chemistry and physics as they relate to an understanding of the sources of pollutants, both natural and those generated by human activities, their transport, fate, and levels in environmental media, namely air, water, soil, and food. Principles involved in processes such as chemical cycling within the living world, global weather patterns, and atmospheric energy balances will be addressed as they relate to these concepts. Hazard recognition and control are also discussed in terms of toxicology, epidemiology, exposure assessment, and risk assessment.

Course Rotation: Fall.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 210 Ecology

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 2 lecture hours, 4 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description An introduction to the study of the distribution and abundance of organisms in the natural world. Fundamental ecological concepts at the level of individuals, populations, communities, ecosystems, and the global environment will be discussed. Interactions among organisms will be examined. Application of ecological concepts to current environmental and conservation related issues will be presented. Laboratory periods will be devoted to field work.

Course Rotation: Fall

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 212 Human Disease and Disorders

Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 102.

New Core: Fulfills 4 credits in Area of Knowledge V.

Course Description: This course is designed to provide a basic understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying and the clinical manifestations of major human diseases and disorders. It provides a linkage between sciences and the clinical presentation of disease states.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 215 Urban Ecology

Pre-requisite: BIO 102 or ENV 221. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: This course explores environmental issues that specifically relate to the urban scene. The focus is on understanding basic ecological dynamics of urban and suburban areas. Topics discussed include urban flora and fauna, climate, and pollutant effects on quality of life. Specific environmental-related urban public health problems are evaluated. A combination of lecture, demonstration and field trips are used to facilitate under- standing of basic concepts.

Course rotation: NYC: Fall

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C- or ENV 221 Min Grade C-

BIO 218 Genetically Modified Organisms

Prerequisite: Listed prerequisite, and student must me a Biology or Chemistry or Environmental Studies major with approval.

Course Description: Genetically Modified Organisms (GMLO) have been a source of debate especially over the last decade as more and more of the worlds cropland is planted with genetically modified plants. Explore GMLOs from food plants to animal "pharming" where this same DNA technology is applied to animals such that they produce large amounts of human proteins, vaccines, and other substances for medical use. We will investigate various literatures for the social, economic, political, and environmental impact issues surrounding this technology.

Course Rotation: Online: Fall.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 220 Human Biology and Contemporary Society

Not open to Biology majors. 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours per week. Foundation Course. Fulfills 3 credits toward Women's and Gender Studies Major/Minor.

Course Description: This course is an issue and project based science course. Small and large group discussions of issues that impact human biology and/or human learning from the practical, theoretical, and political standpoints will be the focus. It emphasizes the interdependence of human, plant and animal biology and the environment. This course will function as a seminar and hands-on laboratory workshop, with assigned readings from journals, periodicals and the Internet. Students will be expected to choose an issue to further research and present their findings as a poster board and/or class presentation.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer.

3 credits

BIO 221 Botany

Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 102.

Course Description: A discussion of the interrelationships, evolutionary development, and taxonomy of representative plants from the major divisions of the plant kingdom. Emphasis is on morphology as it relates to function, economic importance and classification.

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 231 Genetics

Prerequisite: BIO 101 with a grade of C or better.

Pre or Co-requisite: BIO 102 with a grade of C or better.
3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course is designed to provide the student with a working knowledge of classical genetics and an understanding of the current concept of the gene. Human genetics, gene action, and population genetics are also considered.

Course Rotation: Fall.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 101 Min Grade C and BIO 102 Min Grade C

BIO 233 Fundamentals of Histology and Histopathology

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: A study of the cellular structure of vertebrate tissues, with emphasis on the relationship between structure and function and changes related to various disease states. Laboratory exercises acquaint the student with both classical staining methods and modern immunohistochemical techniques.

Course rotation: TBA

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 236 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the diversity of vertebrate forms. Structural and physiological adaptations will be related to evolutionary history. Laboratories mainly devoted to dissection of animals representative of major classes of vertebrates.

Course rotation: TBA

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 237 Biological Oceanography

3 credits

BIO 243 General Endocrinology

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D or BIO 153N Min Grade D or BIO 153P Min Grade D

BIO 244 Botany

4 credits

BIO 251 Principles of Human Anatomy

Prerequisite: BIO 102, CHE 112 or 104. Open only to Biology majors, students in the Physician Assistant or Allied Health tracks, or with permission of the Chair.

Course Description: 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week. This course provides a systemic approach to the study of the human body. Discussion of anatomical terminology, cellular processes and tissue classification is followed by study of the gross and microscopic anatomy of each of the organ systems. Laboratory exercises will reinforce lecture concepts through the use of anatomical and skeletal models, histological slides and cat dissection.

Course Rotation: Fall

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C- and CHE 104 Min Grade D or CHE 112 Min Grade D

BIO 254 Basic Microbiology

Course Description: Basic course in microbiology dealing with causative agents of human diseases. Other topics include chemotherapy, host-parasite relationships, and the basis of the immune process. Laboratory includes culturing, primary identification, antibiotic, and biochemical tests.

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 153 Min Grade C

BIO 264 Microbiology

3 lecture and 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the study of microorganisms. Topics include microbial genetics, chemotherapy, and host-parasite relationships. Laboratory techniques include isolation and culturing, antibiotic and biochemical tests, as well as microbiological assays.

Course Rotation: Spring, and Summer.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C- or (BIO 153 Min Grade C and CHE 101 Min Grade C or CHE 102 Min Grade C)

BIO 281 Botany

4 credits

BIO 292 Biology Laboratory Research Training

Prerequisite: Permission of the chairperson of Biology and Health Sciences department required. Open to all Biology, Chemistry, Physical Sciences, pre-OT, pre-PT, pre-Optometry, pre-Podiatry, Clinical Lab Sciences, and Forensic Science majors only.

Course Description: As may be agreed upon by the student and the faculty supervisor, students may be trained in such things as the development and implementation of a hypothesis; the creation of experimental design; the performance of experiments; the role of primary scientific literature; the critical analysis of scientific data; and the reporting of scientific data. The specific experiences of a student will vary depending upon the student?s interests and the faculty supervisor?s research expertise.

Course Rotation: NY and PL: Fall, Spring, and Summer.

0 credits

BIO 306 Advanced Microbiology

Course Description: A survey of the topic of microbial pathogenesis. Concepts examined include mechanisms of microbial invasion, disease mechanisms, host response to infection, virulence, drug resistance, and immunity. Viral as well as bacterial pathogens are discussed.

Course Rotation: Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 264 Min Grade C- or BIO 201 Min Grade C-

BIO 322 Animal Behavior

2 lecture hours, 4 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the mechanisms and adaptive significance of animal behavior. Fundamental principles derived from evolution, ecology, neurobiology, and development will be examined. Activities such as navigation and orientation, migration, feeding, echolocution, communication, predator-prey interactions, mating systems and parental care will be discussed using examples throughout the animal kingdom.

Course rotation: TBA

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 325 Neurobiology

Course Description: A comprehensive study of how the nervous system functions. The course will first provide as in depth foundation on the function of neurons including the cell biology of neurons, nerve cell communication and the action potential, synapse structure and function, nerve cell specializations including axons and dendrites, how small circuits of neurons are formed and how they function. Having established this basic understanding of nervous system function we will then study a selection of other topics in detail, focusing on how our knowledge is being built though experimental neuroscience. These topics will include synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, the function of larger scale neuronal systems (in particular, the visual system), and the molecular mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer?s and Parkinson?s.

Course Rotation: NY:PLV;Spring

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 327 Cellular Biochemistry

Course Description: This course expands the basic knowledge base obtained in BIO 335. Topics include protein structure and function, enzyme kinetics, signal transduction, metabolism and gene expression. The concepts discussed will be applied to pathological situations using medical case studies and the scientific literature related to relevant disease states so a to obtain an understanding of the contribution of biochemical processes to both health and disease.

Course rotation: Fall.

4 credits

Prerequisites

(BIO 335 Min Grade C- or BIO 235 Min Grade C-) and (CHE 224 Min Grade D or CHE 132 Min Grade D)

BIO 334 General Physiology

3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An examination of the fundamental phenomena underlying the function and regulation of organ systems in animals, such as contraction, excitation, conduction, secretion, and membrane function. Laboratory exercises illustrate these processes.

Course Rotation: Spring

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C- and BIO 251 Min Grade C-

BIO 335 Molecular and Cellular Biology

3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides an in-depth investigation of molecular mechanisms within the cell, including transcription, translation, energy conversion, cell signaling, molecular transport, cytoskeletal and extracellular structure, cell division, and cancer development. Laboratory exercises will involve techniques widely used in cell and molecular biology.

Course Rotation: Spring.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 345 Introduction to Toxicology

3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the study of the injurious effects of substances on living organisms. Consideration is given to mechanisms of entry to the body, the biochemistry of toxic substances within the body, including acute and chronic effects and long-term mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. The hazards and methods of handling toxic substances, and treatment for their effects are also considered.

Course Rotation: Fall.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C- and (CHE 132 Min Grade D or CHE 224 Min Grade D)

BIO 346 Introduction to Basic Pharmacology

Pre-requisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 102. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the basic principles of pharmacology. This course provides a basic foundation in pharmacology as it relates to both health and illness. Mechanisms of drug-receptor chemical interaction and dose-response curves are examined.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C- and CHE 224 Min Grade D

BIO 347 Pharmacology I

Prerequisite: Open only to Physician Assistant students.

Course Description: In this two-semester course, the student will be introduced to the basic principles of pharmacology. Concepts covered include mechanism of action, absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, drug interactions, and problems with special populations, dosage, and toxicology. The first semester will emphasize basic concepts; the second semester will examine applications in the treatment of specific diseases.

Course Rotation: NYC: Fall.

3 credits

BIO 348 Pharmacology II (Clinical)

Open to Physician Assistant students only.

Course Description: A continuation of BIO 347 that stressed the application of pharmacological agents in the treatment of specific diseases.

Course Rotation: NYC: Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 347 Min Grade D

BIO 357 Parasitology

Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 102 and CHE 224. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An examination of the biology of important protozoan and helminth parasites of vertebrates. Emphasis is placed on morphological, biochemical, and physiological aspects of parasitism. Mechanisms of action are clinically active antiparasitic agents are discussed.

Course Rotation: TBA

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C- and CHE 224 Min Grade D

BIO 359 Immunology

Prerequisite: BIO 102

Course Description A study of the immune response, both humoral and cell mediated, including antigen-antibody structure and reactions, immunoglobulins and host-parasite interactions. Laboratory techniques will include current methods of immunology.

Course Rotation: Spring.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D

BIO 372 Introduction to Molecular Biotechnology

Prerequisite: BIO 231 and pre- or co-requisite: BIO 335. 2 lecture hours, 4 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides a background in the basic theory and methods underlying molecular biotechnology. Students will also become familiar with biotechnological enterprises, the modern molecular technologies used in these enterprises and their role in research and development. Discussions and laboratories will focus on theory and examples of actual practice using both virtual and real laboratory exercises.

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C- and BIO 231 Min Grade C- and BIO 335 Min Grade C-

BIO 375 Advanced Cell Biology

3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An in-depth investigation of advanced cellular and molecular biology concepts, including receptorligand interactions, cell division, senescnce, apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastatis and signal transduction. Current biomedical literature will be used in class discussions.

Course Rotation:Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C- and BIO 335 Min Grade C-

BIO 395 Independent Study in Biology

Prerequisite: BIO 490. Junior standing and a minimum CQPA of 3.00 and permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: Students may select a topic for guided research that is not included in the regular course offerings. The student meets regularly with the faculty member to review progress. A paper must be submitted.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer

1 - 3 credits

BIO 396 Guided Study in Biology

Prerequisite: Permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: Students may select a special topic for individual library based study under the guidance of an appropriate faculty member. This can be taken only if the curriculum offers no formal course covering the material or if the student wishes to study a topic in greater depth than offered in a formal course. There is no minimum QPA for this course. Students meet at least weekly with the instructor during the course and must prepare a paper on the topic being studied.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer

1 - 3 credits

BIO 399B Topics in Biology: Neurobiology

Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better for BIO 102.

Course Description: A comprehensive study of how the nervous system functions. The course will focus on the cell biology of neurons: nerve cell communication and the action potential; synapse structure and function; nerve cell specializations including axons and dendrites; how small circuits of neurons are formed and how they function. Other topics will include synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, the function of larger scale neuronal systems, and the molecular mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 399C Topic: Cancer Cell Biology

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D and BIO 335 Min Grade C-

BIO 399P Topics in Biology: Genetically Modified Organisms

Course Description: Genetically Modified Organisms (GMLO) have been a source of debate especially over the last decade as more and more of the worlds cropland is planted with genetically modified plants. Explore GMLOs from food plants to animal "pharming" where this same DNA technology is applied to animals such that they produce large amounts of human proteins, vaccines, and other substances for medical use. We will investigate various literatures for the social, economic, political, and environmental impact issues surrounding this technology.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 399T Topics in Biology: Research Methods For Ecological Field Studies

Course Description: This course will review the ways in which biological data are collected, analyzed, and reported, so that informed decisions about ecosystem management and conservation can be made. The course will have both classroom and field components and will explore the many techniques employed by biologists to study important phenomena in ecology, such as territory and home range estimates, habitat evaluation, food habits, population viability analysis, population dynamics, GIS mapping, and genetic analyses. We will review both theoretical and methodological controversies associated with obtaining data from organisms.

3 credits

BIO 399U Topic: Plants and People

Course Description Plants play an important role in many cultures from essential building material to hallucinogenic plants used during traditional ceremonies. Plants have also been used to clean contaminated soils in Chernobyl and other places. Learn how people use plants for food, medicine, cosmetics, insecticides, and more.

3 credits

BIO 399V Topic: Basics of Human Anatomy

Course Description: This special topics courses provides an overview of the anatomy of the human body using a systems based presentation. Virtual dissections will be included.

3 credits

BIO 399W Developmental Biology (Lecture)

Course Description: An in depth look at the biology of development.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 335 Min Grade C- or BIO 235 Min Grade C-

BIO 480 Research in Biology

Prerequisite:BIO 490, junior standing and permission of Department Chairperson. 8-10 hours of independent research per week and 1 conference hour.

Course Description: Under faculty supervision students conduct research and submit a report at the close of the semester. A maximum of 2 semesters for credit may be elected. Contact department for more information concerning requirements. Students must contact the Department Chairperson prior to registration for this course.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 490 Min Grade D

BIO 481 Research in Biology II

Prerequisite: BIO 480 and permission of Instructor and Chair. 8-10 hours or independent research each week.

Course Description: This course involves laboratory based research under the direction of a faculty member and will involve 60-75 hours of research during the semester. The topic of research depends upon the faculty member. Students must contact the Department Chairperson prior to registration for this course.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 480 Min Grade D

BIO 490 Introduction to Research in the Biological Sciences

Required of all Biology majors in junior year. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the basic research and data analysis techniques used in the modern biological sciences. Discussion topics include hypothesis generation, methods of data presentation and utilization of proper statistical techniques based upon experimental design. Students will make presentations for group discussion on current advances and research in biology.

Course Rotation: Fall.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C- and BIO 231 Min Grade C- and (BIO 335 Min Grade C- or BIO 235 Min Grade C-)

BIO 491 Internship in Biology

Prerequisite: Acceptance in a position, junior standing and permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: A direct experience in the working environment designed to enhance and extend the knowledge gained in the classroom. The student reports to a regular assignment and receives guidance and direction from professionals. The student will work on projects requiring reports and will meet regularly with a department advisor who will provide overall supervision. Contact the department for more information concerning requirements.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer.

3 credits

BIO 495C Hospital Career Training: Medical Technology

Course Description: Required for B.S. in Medical Technology candidates after completion of prescribed didactic course sequence. Taken at affiliated hospital centers.

Course rotation: TBA

12 credits