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BIO 301 Tropical Ecosystem Assessment

Course Description: Through this research course, the students will examine the differences in, and the relationships between, three specific trophic levels and C and N nutrients within intact and managed tropical lowland forests in Costa Rica that are at risk due to land management and a changing climate. They will begin to characterize the ecosystem effects that various management practices and/or environmental conditions may have on these forests in regions where there have not been sufficient studies. Thus, the student projects for this course will have the potential to advance the fields of ecosystem assessment, ecological restoration, tropical forest ecology, and provide new diversity and abundance information for microbial, vegetation, and arthropod communities. Course Rotation: Summer

6 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and CHE 112 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 306 Advanced Microbiology

Course Description: A survey of the topic of microbial pathogenesis. Concepts examined include mechanisms of microbial invasion, disease mechanisms, host response to infection, virulence, drug resistance, and immunity. Viral as well as bacterial pathogens are discussed.

Course Rotation: Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 264 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 307 Microbial Ecology

Course Description:
This course is a study of microorganisms in the environment. It will focus on the physiology and metabolism, ecology, and functional diversity of some of the more common microorganisms. Students will be introduced to the domains of Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya, and viruses, compare and contrast their morphological and physiological characteristics, and their role in ecology, along with the biogeochemical cycles.
Course Rotation: Fall

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 264 Minimum Grade of C- and CHE 112 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 322 Animal Behavior

2 lecture hours, 4 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the mechanisms and adaptive significance of animal behavior. Fundamental principles derived from evolution, ecology, neurobiology, and development will be examined. Activities such as navigation and orientation, migration, feeding, echolocation, communication, predator-prey interactions, mating systems and parental care will be discussed using examples throughout the animal kingdom.

Course rotation: TBA

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 325 Neurobiology

Course Description: A comprehensive study of how the nervous system functions. The course will first provide as in depth foundation on the function of neurons including the cell biology of neurons, nerve cell communication and the action potential, synapse structure and function, nerve cell specializations including axons and dendrites, how small circuits of neurons are formed and how they function. Having established this basic understanding of nervous system function we will then study a selection of other topics in detail, focusing on how our knowledge is being built though experimental neuroscience. These topics will include synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, the function of larger scale neuronal systems (in particular, the visual system), and the molecular mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Course Rotation: NY; PLV, Spring

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 101 Minimum Grade of C

BIO 326 Principles of Biochemistry

Prerequisite: Open only to Biology majors with permission of Chair.

Course Description: Study of structure and biological function of proteins, enzymes, and coenzymes. Enzyme kinetics; metabolism - glycolysis, TCA cycle, lipid degradation, amino acid degradation, electron transport; nucleic acids - RNA and DNA Replication, transcription, genetic code, protein synthesis.

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D and CHE 224 Min Grade D

BIO 327 Cellular Biochemistry

Course Description: This course expands the basic knowledge base obtained in BIO 335. Topics include protein structure and function, enzyme kinetics, signal transduction, metabolism and gene expression. The concepts discussed will be applied to pathological situations using medical case studies and the scientific literature related to relevant disease states so a to obtain an understanding of the contribution of biochemical processes to both health and disease.

Course rotation: Fall.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 335 Minimum Grade of C- and CHE 224 Minimum Grade of D and BIO 101 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 231 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 334 General Physiology

3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: An examination of the fundamental phenomena underlying the function and regulation of organ systems in animals, such as contraction, excitation, conduction, secretion, and membrane function. Laboratory exercises illustrate these processes.

Course Rotation: Spring

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 251 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 335 Molecular and Cellular Biology

3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides an in-depth investigation of molecular mechanisms within the cell, including transcription, translation, energy conversion, cell signaling, molecular transport, cytoskeletal and extracellular structure, cell division, and cancer development. Laboratory exercises will involve techniques widely used in cell and molecular biology.

Course Rotation: Spring.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 101 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 231 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 335 Molecular and Cellular Biology

3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides an in-depth investigation of molecular mechanisms within the cell, including transcription, translation, energy conversion, cell signaling, molecular transport, cytoskeletal and extracellular structure, cell division, and cancer development. Laboratory exercises will involve techniques widely used in cell and molecular biology.

Course Rotation: Spring.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 101 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 231 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 335A Molecular and Cellular Biology

This practicum will provide students with additional time in the inquiry-based BIO 335 laboratory to design and implement their own experiments.

1 credits

BIO 343 General Endocrinology

Pre-requisite: BIO 102. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: A study of endocine hormones, including both classical hormones and recently discovered hormones and growth factors. The origin of these regulatory substances and their regulation of processes such as growth, regeneration, reproduction, blood chemistry, and metabolic rate will be discussed at the whole organism, cellular, and molecular levels.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 345 Introduction to Toxicology

3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the study of the injurious effects of substances on living organisms. Consideration is given to mechanisms of entry to the body, the biochemistry of toxic substances within the body, including acute and chronic effects and long-term mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. The hazards and methods of handling toxic substances, and treatment for their effects are also considered.

Course Rotation: Fall.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and ( CHE 132 Minimum Grade of D or CHE 224 Minimum Grade of D)

BIO 346 Introduction to Basic Pharmacology

Pre-requisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 102. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An introduction to the basic principles of pharmacology. This course provides a basic foundation in pharmacology as it relates to both health and illness. Mechanisms of drug-receptor chemical interaction and dose-response curves are examined.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

CHE 224 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 347 Pharmacology I

Prerequisite: Open only to Physician Assistant students.

Course Description: In this two-semester course, the student will be introduced to the basic principles of pharmacology. Concepts covered include mechanism of action, absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, drug interactions, and problems with special populations, dosage, and toxicology. The first semester will emphasize basic concepts; the second semester will examine applications in the treatment of specific diseases.

Course Rotation: NYC: Fall.

3 credits

BIO 348 Pharmacology II (Clinical)

Open to Physician Assistant students only.

Course Description: A continuation of BIO 347 that stressed the application of pharmacological agents in the treatment of specific diseases.

Course Rotation: NYC: Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 347 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 348 Pharmacology II (Clinical)

Open to Physician Assistant students only.

Course Description: A continuation of BIO 347 that stressed the application of pharmacological agents in the treatment of specific diseases.

Course Rotation: NYC: Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 347 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 357 Parasitology

Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 102 and CHE 224. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An examination of the biology of important protozoan and helminth parasites of vertebrates. Emphasis is placed on morphological, biochemical, and physiological aspects of parasitism. Mechanisms of action are clinically active antiparasitic agents are discussed.

Course Rotation: TBA

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and CHE 224 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 358 Introduction to Virology

Course Description: This course will present the basic cell and molecular biology of DNA and RNA viruses focusing specifically on mammalian viruses. Topics covered include: structure, classification, life cycle, and pathogenesis of viruses. The role of the host cell response and immune system as well as treatment options including anti-viral medication and vaccines will also be introduced. Emerging virus, virus evolution, and virus escape mechanism will also be discussed

Course Rotation: NY Spring Odd Years

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 335 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 359 Immunology

Prerequisite: BIO 102

Course Description A study of the immune response, both humoral and cell mediated, including antigen-antibody structure and reactions, immunoglobulins and host-parasite interactions. Laboratory techniques will include current methods of immunology.

Course Rotation: Spring.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 264 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 372 Introduction to Molecular Biotechnology

Prerequisite: BIO 231 and pre- or co-requisite: BIO 335. 2 lecture hours, 4 laboratory hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides a background in the basic theory and methods underlying molecular biotechnology. Students will also become familiar with biotechnological enterprises, the modern molecular technologies used in these enterprises and their role in research and development. Discussions and laboratories will focus on theory and examples of actual practice using both virtual and real laboratory exercises.

Course Rotation: TBA.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 231 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 335 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 375 Advanced Cell Biology

3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: An in-depth investigation of advanced cellular and molecular biology concepts, including receptor ligand interactions, cell division, senescence, apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastatic and signal transduction. Current biomedical literature will be used in class discussions.

Course Rotation:Spring.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Minimum Grade of C- and BIO 335 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 395 Independent Study in Biology

Prerequisite: BIO 490. Junior standing and a minimum CQPA of 3.00 and permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: Students may select a topic for guided research that is not included in the regular course offerings. The student meets regularly with the faculty member to review progress. A paper must be submitted.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer

1 - 4 credits

BIO 396 Guided Study in Biology

Prerequisite: Permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: Students may select a special topic for individual library based study under the guidance of an appropriate faculty member. This can be taken only if the curriculum offers no formal course covering the material or if the student wishes to study a topic in greater depth than offered in a formal course. There is no minimum QPA for this course. Students meet at least weekly with the instructor during the course and must prepare a paper on the topic being studied.

Course Rotation: Fall, Spring, Summer

1 - 3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 490 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 399 Topics in Biology

Pre-requisite: Varies with topic. 3 lecture hours per week.

Course Description: This course provides an in-depth discussion of specific areas that are not part of the regular course offerings of the Department. It may be taken more than once for credit. Specific topics vary each semester. Recent offerings are are follows: Vertebrate Nervous System; Bioinformatics; Advanced Immunology; Ecotourism and Sustainable Development; Wildlife Ecology, Urban Green Roof;Genetically Modified Organisms. . Course rotation: Specific topics are generally offered in Fall and Spring.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D

BIO 399B Topics in Biology: Neurobiology

Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better for BIO 102.

Course Description: A comprehensive study of how the nervous system functions. The course will focus on the cell biology of neurons: nerve cell communication and the action potential; synapse structure and function; nerve cell specializations including axons and dendrites; how small circuits of neurons are formed and how they function. Other topics will include synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, the function of larger scale neuronal systems, and the molecular mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 399C Topic: Cancer Cell Biology

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D and BIO 335 Min Grade C-

BIO 399H Topics in Biology: Ecotourism and Sustainable Development

Prerequisite: BIO 102 or ENV 221 and ENV 222, and permission of Department Chair.

Trip Destination: Brazil
Trip Dates:
Trip Cost:
Course Description: This course travels to Brazil with MGT 347. Students will review ecological problems due to tourism.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D or (ENV 221 Min Grade D and ENV 222 Min Grade D)

BIO 399I Fundamentals in Reproductive Biology

Prerequisite: This course is open to Biology and Health Science majors only.

Course Description: This lecture/laboratory course will introduce students to the biological aspects of a wide variety of issues related to reproduction and reproductive health and medicine. Students will be asked to analyze related literature and work with model systems to develop hypotheses/analyze data related to reproduction.

Course Rotation: NYC: Spring, even years.

4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 231 Minimum Grade of B or BIO 335 Minimum Grade of C-

BIO 399J Topics in Biology: Wildlife Ecology and Conservation

Course Description: This course provides a review of the ecology of mammals. Topics will include ecosystems and natural communities, food and cover, predators and predation, competitors and competition, wildlife diseases, animal behavior, urban wildlife, exotic wildlife, nongame and endangered wildlife, economics of wildlife, conserving wildlife, hunting and trapping, wildlife as a public trust and other important topics that evolve. The course will review both theoretical and methodological approaches associated with obtaining data from animals.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D

BIO 399K Topics in Biology: Ecotourism and Sustainability in Tuscany

Prerequisite: BIO 102 or ENV 221 and ENV 222 and permission of department chairperson required.

Course Description This course provides an opportunity to have an interdisciplinary experience in the study of ecotourism, sustainability and business/hospitality issues in Italy. Students will visit various venues that demonstrate sustainable business and environmental practices. Students will also participate in a community green mapping project in the Mugello Territories in Tuscany.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D or (ENV 221 Min Grade D and ENV 222 Min Grade D)

BIO 399L Topics in Biology: The Urban Green Roof

Prerequisite: Permission of Department Chairperson required.

Course Description: This field type course will provide students with experience in developing plans and plantings for the urban green roof to be built on the Pace NYC campus. Students will learn the history of urban green roofs and the environmental advantages.

3 credits

BIO 399M Topic in Biology: Biological and Chemical Warfare

Prerequisite: BIO 102 and permission of Department Chair.

Course Description: An overview of chemical and biological weaponry from a historical and modern perspective.

Course Rotation: TBA.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102

BIO 399N Topic: Advanced Immunology

Course Description: This course provides an in-depth discussion of various topics in modern immunology.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 359 Minimum Grade of D

BIO 399P Topics in Biology: Genetically Modified Organisms

Course Description: Genetically Modified Organisms (GMLO) have been a source of debate especially over the last decade as more and more of the worlds cropland is planted with genetically modified plants. Explore GMLOs from food plants to animal "pharming" where this same DNA technology is applied to animals such that they produce large amounts of human proteins, vaccines, and other substances for medical use. We will investigate various literatures for the social, economic, political, and environmental impact issues surrounding this technology.

3 - 4 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 399Q Special Topics in Biology: Mammalogy-Adaptation, Diversity and Ecology of Mammals

Course Description: This course will cover the major aspects of mammalian biology emphasizing evolution, structure, function, behavior, ecology and biogeography.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D

BIO 399S Topics in Biology: Urban Field Ecology

Course Description: This course studies the flora of the metropolitan habitat. Discussions will include desirable and undesirable species. Course involves lectures, field trips and student projects growing plants in an urban horticultural setting using various growth media and under various conditions.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade D or ENV 212 Min Grade D

BIO 399T Topics in Biology: Research Methods For Ecological Field Studies

Course Description: This course will review the ways in which biological data are collected, analyzed, and reported, so that informed decisions about ecosystem management and conservation can be made. The course will have both classroom and field components and will explore the many techniques employed by biologists to study important phenomena in ecology, such as territory and home range estimates, habitat evaluation, food habits, population viability analysis, population dynamics, GIS mapping, and genetic analyses. We will review both theoretical and methodological controversies associated with obtaining data from organisms.

3 credits

BIO 399U Topic: Plants and People

Course Description Plants play an important role in many cultures from essential building material to hallucinogenic plants used during traditional ceremonies. Plants have also been used to clean contaminated soils in Chernobyl and other places. Learn how people use plants for food, medicine, cosmetics, insecticides, and more.

3 credits

BIO 399V Topic: Basics of Human Anatomy

Course Description: This special topics courses provides an overview of the anatomy of the human body using a systems based presentation. Virtual dissections will be included.

3 credits

BIO 399W Developmental Biology (Lecture)

Course Description: An in depth look at the biology of development.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 335 Min Grade C- or BIO 235 Min Grade C-

BIO 399Y Topic: Marine Biology

Course Description: This course presents basic concepts of marine biology and discusses the effects of human activity on animals and plants.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-

BIO 399Z Topics: Evolutionary Biology

Course Description: This course focuses on the processes of evolution that lead to patterns of biodiversity. Topics covered will include the history of evolutionary theory, paleontology, phylogeny and classification, inheritance, genome evolution of populations, the evolution of communities, specification, and human evolution. Particular emphasis will be paid to the role of evolution in our everyday lives and the practical implications of evolutionary theory to medicine, agriculture, and conservation biology.

Course Rotation: NYC: Fall, odd years. PLV: Fall, odd years.

3 credits

Prerequisites

BIO 102 Min Grade C-